Awesome Web Security

A curated list of Web Security materials and resources.

Needless to say, most websites suffer from various types of bugs which may eventually lead to vulnerabilities. Why would this happen so often? There can be many factors involved including misconfiguration, shortage of engineers' security skills, etc. To combat this, here is a curated list of Web Security materials and resources for learning cutting edge penetration techniques, and I highly encourage you to read this article "So you want to be a web security researcher?" first.

Table of Contents





 XSS - Cross-Site Scripting

 CSV Injection

 SQL Injection

 Command Injection

 ORM Injection

 FTP Injection

 XXE - XML eXternal Entity

 CSRF - Cross-Site Request Forgery

 SSRF - Server-Side Request Forgery

 Web Cache Poisoning

 Open Redirect










Sub Domain Enumeration


 Web Shell










 Remote Code Execution


 SQL Injection

 NoSQL Injection

 FTP Injection



 Web Cache Poisoning

 Header Injection



 Browser Exploitation

 Frontend (like SOP bypass, URL spoofing, and something like that)

 Backend (core of Browser implementation, and often refers to C or C++ part)





  • prowler - Tool for AWS security assessment, auditing and hardening by @Alfresco.
  • A2SV - Auto Scanning to SSL Vulnerability by @hahwul.

 Command Injection


 OSINT - Open-Source Intelligence

  • Shodan - Shodan is the world's first search engine for Internet-connected devices by @shodanhq.
  • Censys - Censys is a search engine that allows computer scientists to ask questions about the devices and networks that compose the Internet by University of Michigan.
  • - Service which analyses websites and the resources they request by @heipei.
  • ZoomEye - Cyberspace Search Engine by @zoomeye_team.
  • FOFA - Cyberspace Search Engine by BAIMAOHUI.
  • Photon - Incredibly fast crawler designed for OSINT by @s0md3v.
  • FOCA - FOCA (Fingerprinting Organizations with Collected Archives) is a tool used mainly to find metadata and hidden information in the documents its scans by ElevenPaths.
  • SpiderFoot - Open source footprinting and intelligence-gathering tool by @binarypool.
  • xray - XRay is a tool for recon, mapping and OSINT gathering from public networks by @evilsocket.
  • gitrob - Reconnaissance tool for GitHub organizations by @michenriksen.
  • GSIL - Github Sensitive Information Leakage(Github敏感信息泄露)by @FeeiCN.
  • raven - raven is a Linkedin information gathering tool that can be used by pentesters to gather information about an organization employees using Linkedin by @0x09AL.
  • ReconDog - Reconnaissance Swiss Army Knife by @s0md3v.
  • Databases - - Various databases which you can use for your OSINT research by @technisette.
  • peoplefindThor - the easy way to find people on Facebook by [postkassen]( comments).
  • tinfoleak - The most complete open-source tool for Twitter intelligence analysis by @vaguileradiaz.
  • Raccoon - High performance offensive security tool for reconnaissance and vulnerability scanning by @evyatarmeged.
  • Social Mapper - Social Media Enumeration & Correlation Tool by Jacob Wilkin(Greenwolf) by @SpiderLabs.
  • espi0n/Dockerfiles - Dockerfiles for various OSINT tools by @espi0n.

 Sub Domain Enumeration

 Code Generating


  • wfuzz - Web application bruteforcer by @xmendez.
  • charsetinspect - Script that inspects multi-byte character sets looking for characters with specific user-defined properties by @hack-all-the-things.
  • IPObfuscator - Simple tool to convert the IP to a DWORD IP by @OsandaMalith.
  • domato - DOM fuzzer by @google.
  • FuzzDB - Dictionary of attack patterns and primitives for black-box application fault injection and resource discovery.
  • dirhunt - Web crawler optimized for searching and analyzing the directory structure of a site by @nekmo.
  • ssltest - Online service that performs a deep analysis of the configuration of any SSL web server on the public internet. Provided by Qualys SSL Labs.


  • wpscan - WPScan is a black box WordPress vulnerability scanner by @wpscanteam.
  • JoomlaScan - Free software to find the components installed in Joomla CMS, built out of the ashes of Joomscan by @drego85.
  • WAScan - Is an open source web application security scanner that uses "black-box" method, created by @m4ll0k.

 Penetration Testing


 XSS - Cross-Site Scripting

  • beef - The Browser Exploitation Framework Project by beefproject.
  • JShell - Get a JavaScript shell with XSS by @s0md3v.
  • XSStrike - XSStrike is a program which can fuzz and bruteforce parameters for XSS. It can also detect and bypass WAFs by @s0md3v.
  • xssor2 - XSS'OR - Hack with JavaScript by @evilcos.

 SQL Injection

  • sqlmap - Automatic SQL injection and database takeover tool.

 Template Injection

  • tplmap - Code and Server-Side Template Injection Detection and Exploitation Tool by @epinna.

 Cross Site Request Forgery



  • sqlchop - SQL injection detection engine by chaitin.
  • xsschop - XSS detection engine by chaitin.
  • retire.js - Scanner detecting the use of JavaScript libraries with known vulnerabilities by @RetireJS.
  • malware-jail - Sandbox for semi-automatic Javascript malware analysis, deobfuscation and payload extraction by @HynekPetrak.
  • repo-supervisor - Scan your code for security misconfiguration, search for passwords and secrets.
  • bXSS - bXSS is a simple Blind XSS application adapted from by @LewisArdern.
  • OpenRASP - An open source RASP solution actively maintained by Baidu Inc. With context-aware detection algorithm the project achieved nearly no false positives. And less than 3% performance reduction is observed under heavy server load.
  • GuardRails - A GitHub App that provides security feedback in Pull Requests.


  • DOMPurify - DOM-only, super-fast, uber-tolerant XSS sanitizer for HTML, MathML and SVG by Cure53.
  • js-xss - Sanitize untrusted HTML (to prevent XSS) with a configuration specified by a Whitelist by @leizongmin.
  • Acra - Client-side encryption engine for SQL databases, with strong selective encryption, SQL injections prevention and intrusion detection by @cossacklabs.


  • Charles - HTTP proxy / HTTP monitor / Reverse Proxy that enables a developer to view all of the HTTP and SSL / HTTPS traffic between their machine and the Internet.
  • mitmproxy - Interactive TLS-capable intercepting HTTP proxy for penetration testers and software developers by @mitmproxy.





  • Dnslogger - DNS Logger by @iagox86.
  • CyberChef - The Cyber Swiss Army Knife - a web app for encryption, encoding, compression and data analysis - by @GCHQ.

 Social Engineering Database

use at your own risk


 Twitter Users

  • @HackwithGitHub - Initiative to showcase open source hacking tools for hackers and pentesters
  • @filedescriptor - Active penetrator often tweets and writes useful articles
  • @cure53berlin - Cure53 is a German cybersecurity firm.
  • @XssPayloads - The wonderland of JavaScript unexpected usages, and more.
  • @kinugawamasato - Japanese web penetrator.
  • @h3xstream - Security Researcher, interested in web security, crypto, pentest, static analysis but most of all, samy is my hero.
  • @garethheyes - English web penetrator.
  • @hasegawayosuke - Japanese javascript security researcher.





 ModSecurity / OWASP ModSecurity Core Rule Set